Preliminary Judgment Dutch Court
In urgent matters the president of the competent district court (voorzieningenrechter) can file for preliminary relief. The proceedings are called “kort geding “. A writ of summons can be issued at short notice. One court hearing will take place and usually the judge will decide within one or two weeks.
Injunction in urgent matter in the Netherlands
It is a prerequisite that the matter requires an immediate provisional remedy. Only provisional measures can be granted by the judge. The facts of the matter should not be too complicated for such proceedings. If the case is too complicated, the judge will deny the relieve requested and parties will be referred to main proceedings. The judgment allowing preliminary relief does not prejudice the main proceedings. Therefore judgment in the main proceedings may be quite different than provisional judgment.
Remedies in Dutch Court
The available remedies are usually a prohibitory injunction (verbod in kort geding) or a mandatory injunction (gebod in kort geding). Usually the claimant will also request the judge to include a penalty in the judgment for each day the defendant fails to comply with the judgment.
Provisional remedies can also be requested for monetary claims and debt collection. The judge will investigate whether the claim is strong and if the facts and circumstances required an immediate provisional judgment. The risk of repayment will also be assessed.
Summary judgment by Netherlands Court
The Dutch attorney for the claimant will request a date for the court hearing. As soon as the date is fixed, the writ of summons will be issued and the defendant is not obliged to file a defense before the date of the court hearing. The defendant may defend itself orally at the court hearing. Documents should be filed by the defense 24 hours before the court hearing.
The normal rules of evidence do not apply in preliminary relief proceedings. The summary proceedings are not intended for examination of witnesses. The judge may, however, ask questions to people present at the hearing.
Appeal from Dutch Judgment
Within four weeks from the date of the judgment parties can appeal with the court of appeal. In the appeal both parties have to submit written statements. Only if requested by one of the parties an oral hearing takes place.
The judgment can be enforced immediately in appeal by the defendant and does not suspend the judgment.